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Crusader Kings 2 "Storymode" AAR - The Chronicles of House Lanik!

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Lelling    217

A few days ago, Crusader Kings 2 got an update and some new DLC, so I decided to pick it up again! For me, part of what makes CK2 so much fun are not just the wars, but also the the court intrigue - having to appease the Church, your vassals and your liege, joining secret societies, fending off viking raiders and most of all, making sure your family members don't kill each other. It's basically The Sims Medieval, hardcore edition.

So I thought I'd make it a bit more interesting by compiling the history of the dynasty I'm going to play as I play it, creating a sort of alternate RL history storyline set in medieval Europe. Initially, I thought I'd just do a simple screenshot at the end of each ruler's life and show what has changed, but some of the big changes aren't territorial, and some of the biggest plot twists take place behind the scenes.

So consider this the chronicles of a fictional historical family with a history starting in 769 medieval Europe :D

Gameplay notes: I'm playing Ironman mode, meaning there's no way to load if you mess up, it's all one continuous save that autosaves all the time. I'm not using any mods or cheats, only official DLC. I wont be min-maxing, and the way I make decisions is something between roleplaying and just what I feel are the right decisions at the time. I consider each character I play has a general personality that I try to emulate & take into consideration when making decisions.

The game starts in a historical setting, with real, historical rulers, and then spirals into whatever randomness happens from there.

Note: You don't have to know Crusader Kings 2 to enjoy this eventual quasi-historical trainwreck :D

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Lelling    217

Year 769:

Count Grgur has ruled Krain for 5 years before becoming playable.

He has no family, and the goal to expand his holdings. He looks to the neighbouring Kärnten, which is under the rule of Count Jesen Vit of Kärnten. They are roughly matched in military strength, but through some trickery, he could easily win the title for himself.


Detailed setup below:



Ok, so let's get started! The setup may be a lot of info to take in - but I've simplified it with some pictures :D

Note: you can skip the setup and go directly to the story, you don't need to know all the things;

We're gonna see 1) where we are, 2) who we are, and 3) what our goal is!

1) Where are we?

So this is the political view of the playable world map at the start of the game. At the start of the game, the player can choose who they want to play as - you can choose from a plethora of major historical characters, as well as minor, insignificant characters from regions so small there's not even historical records of who actually ruled there in reality. We'll be zooming in from the world view a bit, to central Europe:


This is Bavaria, a semi-historical Kingdom (historically it was rather a Duchy), and in the year 769, which is the starting year of the game, it's ruled by King Tassilo III of Bavaria, and actual historical person :D

But we wont be playing this story as King Tassilo. Oh no, that would be far too easy :P We'll be looking somewhere more closer to home - inside of Bavaria, King Tassilo has several vassals, and one of them is Count Grgur Lanik of Krain. Krain is a very minor region, but one very familiar to me, as it is the real-life region I'm from :D Count Grgur is, as far as I know, not a historical character, and his dynasty of Lanik is not a real one.

In-game, he has no family, he is the only member of his dynasty. He has no vassals or special connections, his only minor vassals being the City of Krainburg (where 1300 years later I would go to high school :D), Bishopric of Gurk, and the Barony of Görz (all actual places that still exist today).


2) Who are we?

Let's take a look at the basic setup in Bavaria right now:


So, we'll be playing as Count Grgur Lanik of Krain! The game's only rule is - if you have no more dynastic heirs, you lose!


Count Grgur of Krain holds the County of Krain, with its capital Auersperg. The county has three minor vassals - the City of Krainburg, the Bishopric of Gurk, and the Barony of Görz.

Grgur is a count in the Kingdom of Bavaria, and is a direct vassal of King Tassilo III of Bavaria.

His main ambition now is to produce an heir for his dynasty, and to expand his holdings. If he fails to produce an heir, his holdings will revert to his liege, and history will forget his name.

As these are feudal times, he can declare war on any vassal of the same liege, or any independent ruler, as long as he has a cassus belli - a justified reason for war. Thus, he enjoys the protection of the Kingdom of Bavaria from outside forces, but if one of his stronger peers from within the Kingdom decides they'd like his title for themselves, and manages to push a claim on it, he could be in a lot of trouble.


What's the game's goal?

In Crusader Kings 2, there is no set goal. The game ends when you have no more heirs, or you get to year 1453.

But I wanted to add an extra goal for my dynasty, so I have something to strive towards while I'm roleplaying through the ages:


This is the 769 political view and the regional (Duchy-level) view of the areas I want to hold. So, to make the whole thing a bit more interesting, the long-term target is;

  • A Lanik must control the duchies of Friuli, Carinthia, Croatia and Dalmatia (Venice would be nice but it's notoriously difficult to cap so count that as a bonus goal :D)
  • They must be independent, and must create a new Kingdom that encompasses those areas.
  • Their culture must be Croatian or other South Slavic

So these are just my long-term goals, which I'll be attempting to reach through the generations, but bear in mind that each character has different desires, a different situation, and if it makes sense, may even lead us astray from this goal :D

Side goals that might be fun to do - putting another branch of the Lanik dynasty onto the throne of another realm, possibly doing something religiously funky, passing the law to achieve full status of women (I always go for that :P) or, if all else fails, attempting to stake a claim somewhere elsewhere in the world, relocating the dynasty.


So, the game is set up, it's time to dive into the political life of medieval Europe :D



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Lelling    217

Years 769-788: Count Grgur of Krain

q0PcQxr.jpgImage: Grgur's profile, with the family tab active, showing his heiress Petra.

During his reign, Count Grgur expanded his family's assets, acquiring the Barony of Görz in 773, the County of Kärnten in 774, and the County of Steiermark in 787.

T7GQ3FJ.gifImage: Grgur's lands through his active years marked in teal.

On January 1st 788, not even a year after capturing Steiermark, Count Grgur Lanik died.

Grgur had many children, but he never married, leaving his succession a point of question. The only child he had legitimated was his favourite, his second-born child and first-born daughter Petra. As such, even though she had an older brother, she was first in line to inherit his titles.

His full title at the time of his death was:

Count Grgur of Krain, Kärnten and Steiermark, Baron of Görz, Marshal of the Kingdom of Bavaria



His heir(ess), Countess Petra, is only 6 years old, thus, for 10 years, the fate of her realm will be in the hands of her Regency Council, and as the only legitimate member of House Lanik, the fate of the dynasty rests on her survival and ability to produce an heir.

Old (longer) version of the post:



For almost 20 years, Count Grgur successfully expanded his family's demesne. In 772, he discovered that his minor vassal, Baron Mihajlo of Görz (in Krain) was plotting against him, and had him arrested. Refusing to allow himself to be arrested, Baron Mihajlo put up a fight, but died before the conclusion of the war in 773. Since he had no legal heirs, his title passed to Count Grgur. That same year he declared war on Count Jesen of Kärnten, who surrendered a year later in 774. To commemorate his victory, Count Grgur had a special longsword crafted, which now lies in the family treasury.

In 779, Grgur's neighbouring peer, Count Huosi of Innsbruck and Steiermark died of the Great Pox, leaving his two titles to his infant daughters Cecilie and Helene. This gave Grgur an opportunity to conquer the divided realms which were now under regency. Seven years later, in 786, Grgur declared war on Steiermark under the claim that the 9-year old Countess Helene of Steiermark was not fit to rule. In 787, the regency council of Steiermark surrendered, and Grgur seized control.


(Image: A timelapse of Grgur's holdings within Bavaria (I sometimes forget to take screenshots as I'm playing so this screenshot just shows the borders of Grgur's realm (which I wrote down the dates for), while the rest of the world remains unchanged)

However, this is where the story of Grgur Lanik ends, as he died on January 1st 788, not even a year after capturing Steiermark.

Grgur had many children, but he never married, leaving his succession a point of question. The only child he had legitimated was his favourite, his second-born child and first-born daughter Petra. As such, even though she had an older brother, she was first in line to inherit his titles.


(Image: the death & succession of Count Grgur of Krain, also showing his (mostly illegitimate) children Peter, Petra, Mara, Grgur, Natalija, Nada, and Jure)

His full title at the time of his death was:


Count Grgur of Krain, Kärnten and Steiermark, Lord of Auersperg, Villach and Eppenstein, Baron of Görz, Marshal of the Kingdom of Bavaria.


His heir(ess), Countess Petra, is only 6 years old, thus, for 10 years, the fate of her realm will be in the hands of her Regency Council, and as the only legitimate member of House Lanik, the fate of the dynasty rests on her survival and ability to produce an heir. Will she succeed?



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Lelling    217

Years 788-829: Countess Petra


Image: Countess Petra's profile through her reign (ages 7, 16, 31 and 47), with her titles visible. Notable also her lieges at various times, as the King of Bavaria transferred her contract to the Duchy of Austria twice. Also visible is Prince Adelfonso of Asturias and their children.

An effective ruler, Contess Petra not only expanded her family's assets to include Innsbruck in 794, but also built the very first Hospitals in Bavaria all over her demesne. She improved the infrastructure of her realm as well as pursued the sciences to a point to not only be accepted into the Hermetic Society, but eventually become Maga.


Image: Petra as Maga of the Hermetic society in 820.

She had several children:

  1. Sofija Lanik, 13.10.798 [Heiress presumptive until the birth of Castimir]
  2. Mojca Lanik, 13.4.801
  3. Castimir Lanik, 13.7.802 [Heir apparent until his death in 825]
  4. Grgur Lanik, 13.3.808 [Heir after 825, inherits her titles in 829]
  5. Vid Lanik, 13.8.811 [Inherits the County of Steiermark in 829]
  6. Ognjen od Krain, 23.2.814 [Bastard child]


Image: Map of Bavaria in 788, at the start of Petra's rule, the map shows Bavaria with the dynastic view of the Bavarian rulers. Notable also the Huosi demesne which will be conquered by Petra in 794.

In 829, Petra arranges a marriage between her daughter Mojca and King Ragno of Francia and strikes an alliance with the kingdom.

After securing the alliance, she declares war on the High Chiefdom on Croatia to claim its lands for herself, but dies leading her troops later the same year.


Image: Overview of Europe in 2.3.829 at the start of the war, Petra's demesne in green, Francia highlighted in blue, and Croatia in red, with the contested territories in yellow.

With Petra's death in 13.8.829, the Krainian War for the Croatian territories ends inconclusively.

She is succeeded by her son Grgur of Krain, who inherits the Counties of Krain, Kärnten and Innsbruck, while under Gavelkind Succession, his brother Vid inherits the County of Steiermark.

Her full title was:

Countess Petra of Krain, Kärnten, Steiermark and Innsbruck, Baroness of Görz, Countess-Consort of Viscaya, Maga and First-Among-Equals of the Hermetic Society.


She ruled for 41 years.

Old (longer) version of the post below:



Years 788-797: Countess Petra, Regency Period

It is the year 788; 6-year old Countess Petra of Krain holds the titles of the Lanik household, and is co-ruling with the regency council of Krain.


Image: dynastic breakdown of the title holders in Bavaria in 788. Note the larger shield representing the Anniona dynasty of Duke Anniulf of Austria, who was made duke in 779. 


Later in the same year, Petra's liege, King Tassilo III of Bavaria dies, and is succeeded by his son, King Theodo III of Bavaria.

Despite general discontent due to having an underage, female ruler with no heir, the vassals of Countess Petra stay in line, as the child Countess ensures that friends of her father, people she could trust, are on the council. Despite her exercising limited power during the Regency, she is a force to be reckoned with, and her armies, which had up to now avoided major conflicts, are greater in number than anyone else's in the realm.

Recognizing this threat, King Theodo III transfers Petra's vassal contract over to Duke Anniulf of Austria in 789. This means that Petra is now a direct vassal of Duke Anniulf rather than the King himself, and can no longer declare wars directly on him, or any of his direct vassals, instead only being able to wage war either with other independent rulers, her peer vassals of Austria, or her liege, the duke of Austria himself.



The regency council did not take kindly to this clear clipping of Krain's power, and three years later, in 792, they declared an independence war in Petra's name on Duke Anniulf of Austria. The war lasted for merely 9 months, during which a smallpox epidemic had spread through the land, and Duke Anniulf was forced to surrender. Countess Petra was once again a direct vassal of King Theodo III, who was now increasingly worried.

Rightfully so, for in 793, just 5 days after winning their war for independence, the council declared war on the remaining Huosi sibling, Countess Cecilie of Innsbruck, to claim the county in Petra's name. The war was won in January of the next year, and Countess Petra became Countess of Innsbruck, vassalizing the City of Kufstein and Bisphoric of Stams.

During the war, however, the 11-year old Countess was discouraged from the bloodshed, recognizing the need for her people to be protected from disease, and ordered for the construction of the first ever hospital in Bavaria, building it in Krain, her regional capital.

In 794, she had her regency council replaced, and focused on infrastructure rather than waging wars. She eliminated the smuggler's ring in Steiermark, present since the times of the child-Countess Helene, and continued to build hospitals throughout her realm.

In 795, King Theodo III dies at age 28 due to severe injuries. He is succeeded by his son, the 2-year old King Tassilo IV of Bavaria.

In 797, as Petra reached the age of 16, the regency period ended, and a period of peace and prosperity would follow.

Years 797-829: Countess Petra, adult ruler



Petra's concerns were twofold. First, she needed to secure a successor for the dynasty, so she had already arranged to marry prior to coming of age. However, she did not share her father's lust for expansion, and was more concerned with governing her people well.

In order to improve her knowledge of worldly subjects, she dedicated her time to studying, and in January 798, she joined the Hermetic Society, an order of scholars around the world, focused on discovering the secrets of the universe.

Petra also secured a matrilineal marriage to Prince Adelfonso of Asturias, a minor prince with very little chance of actually becoming King, but marrying into House d'Asturias was a politically advantageous move.

Petra did not get involved in her liege's wars, and did not send direct military assistance during wars, instead allowing her liege to levy his allocated portion of her troops, but otherwise not engaging in conflicts.

Instead, she focused her time on building the infrastructure of her four counties, and completed a number of scientific projects.

In 798, she oversaw the building of an observatory in Krain. From 798 to 814, Petra gave birth to 6 children, Sofija, Mojca, Castimir, Grgur, Vid, and Ognjen, the latter being a bastard, disqualified from succession.

In 800, she submitted a theorem paper on the movement of the stars to the Hermetic society, and built a laboratory in her keep at Auersperg.

Petra delegated much of the day-to-day administrative business to her council, being used to their meddling before, although now under strict instructions and a complete veto on any decisions regarding war, and instead focusing on her studies.

In 810, Petra's husband, Prince Adelfonso of Asturias inherited the County of Viscaya from his mother, Countess Munia, and he left for the Court of Viscaya in modern-day Spain.

In 812, King Tassilo IV, like his predecessor, transferred Petra's vassal contract to Austria. Duchess Berta of Austria became Petra's new liege. However, this did not bother Petra as much as it bothered her council during the regency, preferring science to politics.

In 817, Petra invented the product of her life's work - the Radius Astronomicus, a tool used to determine angles for celestial measurements, as well as to measure the skies.

In 820, due to her scientific achievements, Petra was elected as Maga, Head of the Hermetic Society.


In 824, Petra finished her Magnum Opus on Planetary Astrology, maintaining her reputation as one of the best scientists of her time.

However, disaster would soon strike, and Petra's scientific spree would come to an abrupt end later next year.

In 825, Petra's firstborn son and heir, Castimir, died of Measles at age 22. She too contracted the disease, but survived it, however, one of her legs had to be amputated after an infection during her weakened state. Her secondborn son Grgur became the new heir, but this unexpected death caused a shift in Petra's behaviour.

She focused on building an army and pushing her claims on the neighbouring Croatian chiefdom, and in 829, she declared war for the first time since the Regency. She struck an alliance with King Ragno Karling of West Francia by marrying her daughter Mojca to him, and called him into war.


Image: Petra's demesne within Bavaria in green, Croatia in red, contested territory marked with yellow striping. Also note Bavaria's growth to the East.

Click here to see an image that includes West Francia at the actual start of the war

Although Petra was an inspiring military leader, her war did not last long. Having not waited long enough for her leg wound to heal, she contracted an unknown disease in the field and died, only 5 months after declaring her war. Due to the claims on her name being uninheritable, the war ended with her death.

13.8.829 - Countess Petra dies at age 47, and is succeeded by her 2nd son Grgur, aged 21, who inherited most of her titles, while, due to Gavelkind Succession, the County of Steiermark was inherited by his younger brother Vid.

Petra's children:

  • Sofija Lanik, 13.10.798 [Heiress presumptive until the birth of Petra's 1st son Castimir in 802]
  • Mojca Lanik, 13.4.801
  • Castimir Lanik, 13.7.802 [Heir apparent until his death in 825]
  • Grgur Lanik, 13.3.808 [Heir after 825, inherits her titles in 829]
  • Vid Lanik, 13.8.811 [Heir to the County of Steiermark in 829]
  • Ognjen od Krain, 23.2.814 [Bastard child]

Petra's title at time of death:

Countess Petra of Krain, Kärnten, Steiermark and Innsbruck, Lady of Auersperg, Villach, Eppenstein and Innsbruck Castle, Baroness of Görz, Countess Consort of Viscaya, Maga and First-Among-Equals of the Hermetic Society.



Note: I decided that for future entries it's going to be more pics, less text :D I'm keeping notes of all the dates in a separate doc, so this wont need a full summary of all the minute details. I was already considering cutting some of this, but I thought Petra's life was pretty remarkable, so having written it down I might as well leave it :D



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Lelling    217

Year 829-833: Count Grgur II of Krain


Image: Grgur II's profile. Note his paternal grandfather, Fruela I of Asturias.

During his reign, Grgur was constantly hounded by his ambitious sister Sofija. Long before he was born, she was, for a time being, heiress presumptive to Petra's titles, but was pushed back down the succession line by each male heir that Petra produced. She decided to make her own way to her mother's titles, and after the death of Castimir, had her other three brothers murdered. Ultimately, she did not claw her way to any titles other than her father Adelphonso of Asturias's County of Viscaya.


Image: on the left, a family tree timelapse of Petra's children, on the right, the heirs in line of succession, with dates for both birth and death of individuals marked.


Image: timelapse of Grgur's territories (shown in green). 13.8.829 shows his brother Vid's territory in teal, then showing it in red in 1.9.829 as the war starts, and then showing Grgur's full territory after winning the war in 18.10.830.

Grgur's reign did not last long after unifying his mother's demesne under one ruler, as in an effort to gain his territories, his sister Sofija had him murdered in 833.

He is succeeded by his two daughters Natalija and Katja, each of whom inherited some of his titles. Natalija inherited the counties of Krain and Kärnten, as well as the Barony of Görz, while Katja inherited the counties of Innsbruck and Steiermark.

His full title at the time of his death was:

Count Grgur II, ‘the Seducer’ of Krain, Kärnten, Steiermark and Innsbruck, and Baron of Görz.

He ruled for only 3 years.


Image: Grgur's death message, note the titles inherited by Katja.

Older version of this post:



Year 829-833: Count Grgur II of Krain

Count Grgur II's reign was not very long, due to his mother being blessed with ambitious daughters. During his reign, he did manage to reunify his mother's holdings by almost immediately declaring war on his brother Vid who inherited the County of Steiermark, and winning the war shortly after.


However, his victory did not last long. His brother was killed shortly after his defeat in Steiermark, and Count Grgur followed soon after. He had two bastard daughters, who were not legitimate heirs at birth. He was killed on 2.1.833 on the orders of his sister Sofija, who was next in line to inherit his titles, but on his deathbed, he named his two daughters as his rightful heirs, putting Sofija back from being a direct successor to an indirect one, denying her of all his titles - at least as long as his daughters are alive.

Below is an overview of the family history since the start of Petra's rule:


The H represents the direct heir. Other heirs are marked by numbers - direct heirs who stand to inherit some of the titles are normal numbers, while indirect heirs who inherit no titles on the ruler's death are marked by parentheses.

The right side shows the titles held by Petra, and later her husband's title, and their heirs, from right to left by order of inheritance.

The gif shows the family history slightly into Natalija's reign, showing that in the end, Sofija did manage to get her hands on a title - her father's. She is 2nd in line to inherit all of her mother's titles, and should her 3- and 2- year old nieces meet an untimely death, she will succeed in doing just that.

Count Grgur died after ruling for only 3 years. He was known only for his romantic escapades which resulted in the birth of his two bastard daughters. At the time of his death, he was known as:

Count Grgur II 'The Seducer' of Krain, Kärnten, Steiermark and Innsbruck, Lord of Auersperg, Villach, Eppenstein and Innsbruck Castle, Baron of Görz.



It seems that once again, House Lanik is threatened, although this time by threats from within. Will his infant daughters survive Sofija's murderous rampage?



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Lelling    217

Year 833-910: Duchess Natalija Lanik

Holy schnapps folks! Natalija's 77 year reign was certainly a change from the three year reign of her father, and I was not prepared :D

Natalija's reign has so far been the most influential and successful reign of any ruler of the Lanik family. Not only did she survive her mother's failed attempts at killing her, she managed to hold on to power for over 70 years! And a lot has certainly changed in those years.


Image: Natalija's profile through the ages. Note the plethora of children and increasing amount of titles, including the ducal title of Croatia. Also visible is her husband, inheriting the Barony of Castelnaudary.

Natalija ruled for over 70 years, during which time she reclaimed her ancestral territories, conquered the Duchy of Croatia as well as the Counties of Tirol and Chur.

Following her grandmother's footsteps, she also joined the Hermetic Society and eventually became Maga. She invested heavily in infrastructure and expanded her mother's hospital network to her expanded demesne.

She also passed several law changes, changing the succession laws from Gavelkind to Primogeniture, meaning that only her eldest eligible heir inherits all her titles. Additionally, she improved the centralisation of her realm, which allows her and any future holders of the Duchy of Croatia to hold more demesne without having to distribute it to vassals.

She had many children, many out of wedlock and several legitimate with her husband, Baron Burchard of Castelnaudary, a title which was inherited by her heir after the Baron's death on 8.5.910, just 6 months before she herself also died.

After reigning for 77 years, Natalija died of cancer on 18.11.910, leaving all her titles to her son Matej.

Her full title at the time of her death was:

Duchess Natalija of Croatia, Countess of Krain, Kärnten, Steiermark, Innsbruck, Tirol, Vegl, Zengg, Zachlumia and Chur, Baroness of Görz, Protector of the Bishopric of Chur, Maga and First-Among-Equals of the Hermetic Society.


Image: Natalija's demesne throughout her reign, her realm marked in green borders, with vassal lands marked in teal. After claiming the territories, she also revoked her vassals' lands to make them her own. Also note the loss of Usora in 870 due to her liege, the King of Bavaria losing it in a war.

One of her most triumphant moments was conquering Croatia, securing not only the ducal title of Croatia for her family, but also almost doubling her demesne.


Image: The belligerents of the Krainian War for Croatia - Natalija's demesne marked in green, Croatia marked in red.

She ruled for 77 years.


Image: Natalija's death & succession card - note the coat of arms of Croatia with the Ducal crown.


Older (longer) version of the post:



Year 833-910: Duchess Natalija Lanik

Holy schnapps folks! Natalija's 77 year reign was certainly a change from the three year reign of her father, and I was not prepared :D

Natalija's reign has so far been the most influential and successful reign of any ruler of the Lanik family. Not only did she survive her mother's failed attempts at killing her, she managed to hold on to power for over 70 years!

And a lot has certainly changed in those years.



In 833, the Lanik family's demesne were in a succession crisis. Two infant female heirs, one 13 months old, the other only 5, and their father's realm split between them. Natalija's council acted swiftly, and declared war on Innsbruck and Steiermark to claim the realms. Within two years, the battle would be won - Natalija was named Countess of Innsbruck and Steiermark, and Katja merely the heir of her titles.

After reclaiming her father's full titles in 835, Natalija (i.e. her regency council) sought to further expand her realm in Bavaria by first winning their independence from Duchess Berta of Austria in 840, then turning their eyes to Tirol a year later.


Image: The situation in 839. Two major events are about to happen in 840 - Duke Baldewin of Alemannia dies, leaving all his titles (marked in yellow) to King Tassilo IV of Bavaria, which almost doubles Bavaria's strength and territories, and Countess Natalija (green) wins her independence from Austria (marked with red border), whose direct territories are now reduced to just Passau.


A series of quick events follows in the following year:

  • 20.2.841 - after winning their independence, Natalija and her regency council declare The 1st Krainian Claim on Tirol war on Count Adalhard of Tirol.
  • 21.7.841 - Wanting to stop Natalija's expansion, the King creates a new duchy - The Duchy of Tyrol, and grants it to Prince-Bishop Stefan of Chur and St. Gallen. This means that the county of Tirol falls under his protection, and Natalija's cassus belli against the Count is invalidated, as she cannot declare war on the vassal of another liege.
  • 20.8.841 - Natalija and her regency council declare the 2nd Krainian Claim on Tirol war on Prince-Archbishop Stefan of Tyrol.
  • 18.9.842 - Prince-Archbishop Stefan of Tyrol surrenders, and Countess Natalija becomes Countess of Tirol.

(Note: "Tyrol" refers to the Duchy, while "Tirol" refers to the County. This reflects nothing from real life, it is simply two different spellings of the same region)


Image: Duchy of Tirol vs. Countess Natalija's Comital demesne.

Five years later, the Regency for Countess Natalija of Krain ended, and she took full powers of her Comital seat.




Image: Natalija's profile at age 16, showing her 6 titles - Counties of Kranj, Kärnten, Steiermark, Innsbruck and Tirol, and the Barony of Görz. Also notable are her father Grgur, grandmother Petra, and sister Katja.

Shortly after coming of age, Natalija was once again transferred from being a direct vassal of Bavaria to a vassal of Austria, and focused the next dozen years on building up the infrastructure in her demesne, as well as expanding the Lanik dynasty. She took on many lovers, including King Ekkehard of Bavaria, Tassilo IV's son, with whom she bore many illegitimate children, until finally marrying Burchard Nibelunging in 858.

In 859, she gave birth to her first legitimate son, securing the titles for her dynasty once again, without them having to fall to her sister Katja.

In 860, she was once again ready for war, and declared the 3rd war of Krainian Independence on her liege, Duke Liutbert of Austria, which she won in 861. Later in the same year, she picked a new target - her grandmother's unfulfilled goal, the Chiefdom of Croatia!


Image: Countess Natalija's Comital demesne vs. the High Chiefdom of Croatia, with the image switching between normal political view and Bavarian vassal view.

In 864, Natalija wins the Krainian War for the High Chiefdom of Croatia, taking the title. Rather than High Chieftess, she styles herself duchess, as is the norm in Bavaria. Together with the duchy, she also seized the county of Senj, which, under the Bavarian crown, was renamed to Zengg. Additionally, the chiefs of Veglia (now Vegl), Usora and Zachlumia became her vassals by law, regardless of whether they liked it or not.

This was Natalija's greatest victory, almost doubling the size of land in her control, as well as gaining a Ducal title. Now she could only ever be the direct vassal of a King, not of another Duke.

In the following years, Natalija passes many laws which legitimize her possession of larger amounts of land, deposing the Croatian chiefs and taking direct control of the land, as well as organizes an efficient conversion effort of the Croatian people, to properly bring them to Christendom. By the end of her reign, all trace of previous pagan religions in the land was erased.

During this time, King Ekkehard's son, King Karlmann, was facing both internal unrest as well as outside pressure, and in order to avoid defeat in a war in the north, he cedes Natalija's territory of the Chiefdom of Usora to High Chief Ulfo of Slavonia in 870. The King himself died 4 years later, replaced by King Karlmann II.

By 883, Natalija personally controlled all of the (remaining) counties in her new duchy, and thoroughly modernized the feudal administration laws of her duchy. In the same year, she also changed the Gavelkind law to Agnatic-Cognatic Primogeniture, making her firstborn son the sole heir of all her titles. She also assembled the Krainian mercenary band and put one of her younger sons, Peter, in charge of it, while granting her youngest son Vid the Barony of Görz.

In 902, Natalija conquers the County & Bishopric of Chur from Prince-Archbishop Michael of Tyrol.


Image: A complete overview of Natalija's demesne through the time of her reign, from 833 to 902.


Image: Natalija's profile at age 76, with all her new titles and many children visible.

25.6.910 - Natalija's husband Burchard Nibelunging dies, and their firstborn son Matej inherits the Barony of Castelnaudary

18.11.910 - Duchess Natalija of Croatia dies of cancer at age 78, and is succeeded by Duke Matej, aged 51.

Natalija ruled from 2.1.833 to 18.11.910. She sought to continue the work of her grandmother Petra, as well as make her own legacy. She reinforced her mother’s hospitals, continued her scientific work, and expanded her family’s assets.

Most notably, Natalija secured the Ducal title of Croatia for her family, and later reformed the succession laws of her realm. A formidable military leader, brilliant scientist and astute ruler, Natalija elevated the standing of House Lanik and raised it to new heights.

Her full title at the time of her death was:

Duchess Natalija of Croatia, Countess of Krain, Kärnten, Steiermark, Innsbruck, Tirol, Vegl, Zengg, Zachlumia and Chur, Lady of Auersperg, Villach, Eppenstein, Castle Innsbruck, Bregenz, Frankopan, Castle Zengg, Mostar and Glurns, Baroness of Görz, Protector of the Bishopric of Chur, Maga and First-Among-Equals of the Hermetic Society.

She ruled for 77 years.


Due to her implementation of the Primogeniture succession laws, her son Matej inherited all her titles.



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Lelling    217

After that 70-year long reign this one was a bit sudden :D I didn't intend to do two in a row but it happened :P

Year 910-915: Duke Matej Lanik


Image: Matej's profile - with all his titles, his many siblings, their mother Natalija, grandfather Grgur II and his only child Matej visible.

Duke Matej ruled peacefully for 5 years after the death of his mother. He took the seat of power at an old age himself, and thus did not pursue many ambitions other than to further stabilize the realm his mother had built. He drafted a law that increased the status of women, and built several improvements in Krain.

He died on 27.10.915. He left behind his only son Mislav, who inherited all his titles.

His full title at the time of his death was:

Duke Matej of Croatia, Count of Krain, Kärnten, Steiermark, Innsbruck, Tirol, Vegl, Zengg, Zachlumia and Chur, Baron of Castelnaudary and Bishop-Regent of Chur, Commander of Bavaria.


Image: Duke Matej's demesne (Green), including the Barony of Castelnaudary in the County of Toulouse (Yellow) which is part of the Empire of Francia.

Other than bequeathing the Barony of Görz to his half-brother, his holdings did not change, so there is no timelapse (Baronies are contained within Counties and do not show on the game map).


He ruled for almost 5 years.

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Lelling    217

I guess I spoke too soon! Turns out there was a way to rule for even less time than Matej's rule. I think this might be my shortest reign in any of my CK2 games so far :D.

Year 915-916: Duke Mislav Lanik


Image: Mislav's profile - with all his titles, immediate ancestors, and his 4 children visible.

Duke Mislav didn't get much of a chance to rule. He was the first in the family to be raised with German heritage teachings and embraced the dominant German culture of Bavaria. Due to his military prowess, he also got to serve as a commander, but did not have much of a chance to prove himself before shuffling off his mortal coil.

20.5.916 - Duke Mislav died of the flu, leaving his titles to his son, Duke Casimir.

He ruled for only 7 months.

His full title at the time of his death was:

Duke Mislav of Croatia, Count of Krain, Kärnten, Steiermark, Innsbruck, Tirol, Vegl, Zengg, Zachlumia and Chur, Bishop-Regent of Chur and Commander of Bavaria.


Image: Duke Mislav's demesne within the Kingdom of Bavaria and the Barony of Castelnaudary as an external minor vassal (Baronies don't show up on the game map so I put its crest up).

Other than bequeathing the Barony of Castelnaudary to his uncle Filip, his holdings did not change, so there is no timelapse (Baronies are contained within Counties and do not show on the map).


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Lelling    217

I updated the older posts to make them a bit more compact and easier to read :D images pop up in a really cool way on this forum if I do say so myself so I thought I'd just condense everything into posts that are about 50% of the size but contain about the same amount of information :D

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Lelling    217

Year 916-936: Duke Casimir Lanik


Image: Casimir's profile aged 12, 16 and 24. Note the additional titles at 24, including the Duchy of Tyrol.

Duke Casimir was a fairly efficient ruler, reinforcing his family’s holdings while entertaining himself with his many male lovers. He had plans for greatness, but the wife of one of his lovers took a rather dim view to his flirtations with her husband, and together with her son and Casimir’s own first cousin once removed, they succeeded in a plan to assassinate the young ruler.

Nevertheless, Casimir left a mark on the dynasty, securing the Duchy of Tyrol, which granted the family a de jure spot on the Elective Council of Bavaria.


Image: Casimir's death & succession screen.

In 930, Casimir declared war on the Prince-Archbishop of Tyrol, to claim his County of St. Gallen. In 932, the Prince-Archbishop surrenders and loses the county. With no more lands, the Prince-Archbishopric of Tyrol is dissolved. The next day, Casimir reforms the Duchy of Tyrol.


Image: Casimir's lands (green) - 916: succession, 930: war on the Prince-Archbishopric of Tyrol (red), 932: claiming the County of St. Gallen and founding the Duchy of Tyrol. The coat of arms of the Barony of Castelnaudary is in the bottom-left corner.

The additional 932 image (22.1.932) shows the Duchies of Tyrol and Croatia (both held by Casimir), and the lands each of the ducal crowns encompasses.

With the Duchy of Tyrol, Duke Casimir gains a seat on the elective council of Bavaria, being able to nominate a successor for the Kingdom of Bavaria.

Casimir had 3 children:

  • Teodor, 4.11.927 [heir apparent]
  • Natalija, 4.5.930
  • Vid, 4.2.932


Image: Casimir's immediate family.

He died on 2.7.936, murdered on the orders of his lover's wife, at the age of 28.

His titles at the time of his death were:

Duke Casimir of Croatia and Tyrol, Count of Krain, Kärnten, Steiermark, Innsbruck, Tirol, Vegl, Zengg, Zachlumia, Chur and St. Gallen, Founder of Kraljevica, Steward of Bavaria.

He is succeeded by his son Teodor, aged 8, who inherited all his titles.

He ruled for 20 years.

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Lelling    217

Year 936-999: Duke Teodor Lanik


Image: Teodor's profile at different ages. Note his many injuries over time; throughout his reign, he lost a leg, an arm, and an eye.

During his 62 years of being head of the Lanik dynasty, Teodor expanded his family’s lands, secured many advantageous marriages, and became a powerful player in the court of Bavaria.

He proved himself as a talented leader, using his court connections to press his claims within the Kingdom of Italy as well as the Byzantine Empire, while also making nearby smaller minor rulers his tributaries. He also focused on strengthening his existing demesne, investing heavily into infrastructure, especially expanding the hospitals built by his ancestors.

He also founded the Duchy of Carinthia, and declared it as the family’s main title.

An adept scientist, following the footsteps of his ancestors, Teodor also became Magus and First-Among-Equals of the Hermetic Society, being its head for 31 years.

Being more interested in the handsome men in his court, he did not have any children with his first wife of 28 years, Princess Agnes of Francia, and throughout most of his reign his heir presumptive was his brother Vid. He only produced only three heirs later in his life with his second wife, Countess Walpurga of Grisons;

  1. 18.2.983, Castimir [heir]
  2. 18.4.989, Peter
  3. 18.6.995, Natalija


Image: Teodor's immediate family, with his siblings Natalija and Vid and their descendants visible.

He was also the first of his dynasty to make tributaries out of nearby smaller independent realms, expanding his influence outside of the borders of Bavaria.


Image: A timelapse of Teodor's lands and relationships, vassals marked in teal lines and tributaries in yellow. The original image is after the end of Teodor's rule and largest extent of his demesne.

The last years of his reign were marked by the dark cloud of the Black Plague, which swept through the land, laying waste to county after county, leaving Europe largely depopulated. Nevertheless, the losses in Krain were smaller than in neighbouring regions, mainly due to the investment into hospitals.

Even though he died during the epidemic, he did not himself die of the Black Death, but rather of old age.


Image: a timelapse of the Black Death making its way through the known world, including the first 3 years after his death.

His full title at the time of his death was:

Duke Teodor ‘the Wise’ of Carinthia, Croatia and Tyrol, Count of Krain, Kärnten, Steiermark, Innsbruck, Tirol, Vegl, Zengg, Zachlumia, Chur, Istria and Aquileia, Founder of Laibach, Treffen and Lovrana, Magus and First-Among-Equals of the Hermetic Society, Steward and Senechal of Bavaria, Suzerain of Bosnia and Venice, Count-Consort of Grisons.


Image: Teodor's death & succession screen, with the coat of arms of Carinthia visible as the main family title (previously featured was the duchy of Croatia).

He is succeeded by his son Castimir, aged 16, who inherited all his landed titles.

He ruled for 63 years.

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Lelling    217

Year 999-1036: Duke Castimir Lanik


Image: Castimir's profile through the years.

Castimir continued in the footsteps of his ancestors, expanding and reinforcing his family’s territory to include Zadar and Venezia, adding the Duchy of Venice to his family’s holdings with the latter. He also delegated the ruling of the northernmost parts of his family’s lands to various vassals, shifting his reliance on vassals rather than purely rely on direct rule over his demesne.

He also followed his father's example in making a tributary out of the nearby Duchy of Bosnia, extending his power (and coffers).

His wife was Chlotsuintha Teduericingi, the Duchess of Friuli, a Duchess in the Kingdom of Lombardy. He often helped her fight off threats, and she assisted him in wars as well.

At the height of his power, he also allied with the Empire of Francia, which allowed him to declare a war on the destabilised Byzantine Empire to conquer the County of Diadora in 1027, claiming it in 1030 and restoring it its Croatian name, Zadar.

He invested heavily into the construction of cities and castles in the realm, founding Concordia, Cilli, Nin, Caplijna and Novigrad, and granting them to various relatives.


Image: A timelapse of Castimir's lands. His realm is marked in green, vassals in teal, and tributaries in yellow.

He had 10 children:

  1. 13.8.1005, Katja [heir presumptive until 13.10.1010, Teodor's birth]
  2. 5.1.1009, Petra [illegitimate]
  3. 2.3.1009, Timotej [illegitimate]
  4. 13.10.1010, Mojca 
  5. 13.10.1010, Teodor [heir]
  6. 13.12.1012, Kresimir
  7. 2.3.1015, Grgur [illegitimate]
  8. 13.7.1016, Filip
  9. 7.9.1023, Martina
  10. 1.10.1035, Nina [illegitimate]


Image: Family tree showing Castimir's children and siblings.

The end of Castimir's reign was also a unique circumstance, as he was the only member of the Lanik family to abdicate from his position. At age 53, he decided it was time to pass on the rule to his son Teodor, who became Duke Teodor II.


His full title at the time of his abdication was:

Duke Castimir of Carinthia, Croatia, Tyrol and Venice, Count of Krain, Steiermark, Istria, Kärnten, Aquileia, Zachlumia, Zengg, Vegl, Zadar and Venezia, Baron of Görz, founder of Concordia, Cilli, Nin, Caplijna and Novigrad. Steward of Bavaria, Suzerain of Bosnia, Duke-Consort of Friuli.


He ruled for 37 years.

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Lelling    217

Year 1036-1088: Duke Teodor Lanik II


Image: Teodor's profile through the years.

Teodor II was undoubtedly the most ambitious and powerful ruler of the Lanik dynasty to date. He kept a watchful eye on neighbouring rulers and his own liege, Queen Ermengard of Bavaria, and used their moments of weakness to increase his own influence. Rather than conquering territories, he focused on making entire realms his tributaries, increasing his influence well past the borders of his family’s realm.

After forging an alliance with the Empire of Francia and making the King of Lombardy his tributary, he petitioned the Queen of Bavaria for independence. She refused, and thus Carinthia’s war for independence began. Using the wealth and armies of Lombardy and backed by the forces of Francia, Teodor won the war 3 years later, becoming an independent Duke.

Teodor kept an iron grip on his tributaries, and at his peak, he held the Duchy of Bosnia, Kingdoms of Lombardy and Bavaria, and the Empire of Francia as his tributaries, securing his independence and becoming the most powerful ruler in Europe. He also forged a massive alliance spanning almost the entirety of Europe, including the Kingdoms of Svea Rike (Sweden) and Saxony. With this alliance, he took up arms against the Byzantine Empire and claimed the duchy of Dalmatia.

He had eight comital level vassals, the Counties of Innsbruck, Tirol, Chur, Grisons, Zadar, Split and Verona, and the Grand City of St. Gallen.

His reign marks the independence of greater Carinthia and house Lanik.


Image: A timelapse of Teodor's lands and influence. War for independence not pictured, as wars are not highlighted, but takes place between 1046 and 1049.

Note: Francia is labeled with "Carinthia" as the screenshot was taken in 1088, when Francia was a tributary of Carinthia. Tributaries act almost as loose vassals - paying taxes and having to join wars when called upon, so in-game they keep their borders while taking the name of their suzerain.

He had 8 children:

  1. 12.7.1050, Teodor [heir]
  2. 12.5.1052, Natalija
  3. 12.8.1058, Petra
  4. 12.8.1063, Tatjana
  5. 12.4.1069, Castimir
  6. 5.6.1072, Vid [legitimized]
  7. 11.12.1073, Filip [legitimized]
  8. 7.11.1076, Sonja [illegitimate]



Image: Family tree showing Teodor's family - his grandfather Teodor I, father Castimir, his siblings and his children.

His full title at the time of his death was:

Duke Teodor II ‘the Lawgiver’ of Carinthia, Croatia, Tyrol, Venice, Friuli and Dalmatia, Count of Krain, Steiermark, Istria, Kärnten, Aquileia, Zachlumia, Senj, Veglia, Treviso, Mantua and Venezia. Suzerain of Bosnia, Bavaria, Lombardy and Francia.


Image: Teodor's death screen.

He ruled for 52 years.

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Lelling    217

Year 1088-1130: Duke Teodor Lanik III of Carinthia, King Teodor of Illyria


Image: Teodor's profile through the years.

Inheriting not only his father's name, Teodor maintained his father's lands and a large portion of his influence in Europe, but his greatest achievement was founding the Kingdom of Illyria on 10.8.1098, ending the ducal period of house Lanik and elevating the family to royal status. He devoted the rest of his life to reforming the infrastructure of the lands in his newly founded Kingdom, almost doubling the income and levy size of his realm. He also created social reforms, passing a law enabling the full status of women.

Like his more recent ancestors, he too relied on using tributaries to maintain the stability of his realm, using the gold gained from them to develop his own lands as well as fund his personal projects.

His reign also saw the beginning of renewed religious conflict - the Crusades, Jihads, and the newly reformed Suomenusko Great Holy Wars mark the start of great shift on the known world’s maps, as the lords of powerful religions form massive forces which can change the face of the world.

He also restored the Republic of Venice, which had not existed for over a hundred years since Castimir conquered and reformed it into a feudal title in 1015, creating a Merchant Republic within the Kingdom of Illyria.

His realm structure (personal titles in bold, vassals in italic, minor (baronial) titles not included):

  • Kingdom of Illyria
    • Duchy of Carinthia
      • County of Aquileia
      • County of Istria
      • County of Kärnten
      • County of Krain
    • Duchy of Croatia
      • County of Senj
      • County of Veglia
      • County of Zachlumia
    • Duchy of Tyrol
      • County of Chur
      • County of Innsbruck
      • Grand City of St. Gallen
      • County of Tirol
    • Duchy of Friuli
      • County of Mantua
      • County of Treviso
      • County of Verona
    • Duchy of Dalmatia
      • County of Split
      • County of Zadar
    • Republic of Venice
      • Grand City of Venezia
    • County of Steiermark
    • County of Grisons


Image: A timelapse of Teodor's lands and influence. The Kingdom of Illyria was founded in 1098, and the Republic of Venice was founded in 1124.

Like his father, he had 8 children:

  • 28.10.1100 - Martina [illegitimate - Mother: Damiane of Mesembria, Marshal of Illyria]
  • 18.9.1103 - Vid [heir]
  • 18.4.1105 - Kristina
  • 18.12.1107 - Castimir
  • 18.7.1110 - Sofija
  • 18.5.1112 - Petra
  • 25.1.1121 - Melisa
  • 27.10.1126 - Teodor


Image: Family tree showing Teodor's family - his grandfather Castimir, father Teodor II, his siblings and his children, including his heir, future King Vid.

This makes his full title at time of death:

King Teodor ‘the Just’ of Illyria, Duke of Carinthia, Croatia, Tyrol, Friuli and Dalmatia, Count of Krain, Kärnten, Aquileia, Steiermark, Veglia, Senj, Treviso, Verona and Mantua. Suzerain of Bosnia, Bavaria and Lombardy and Magus and First-Among-Equals of the Hermetic Society, founder of the Kingdom of Illyria and restorer of the Republic of Venice.


Image: Teodor's death screen, with the royal emblem of Illyria visible at the top.

He died on 23.2.1130, and was succeeded by his son Vid, aged 26, who inherited all his titles, except for his tributaries.

He ruled for 41 years.


Player note: Teodor's rise to royalty does mean that all 3 goals set for House Lanik at the beginning of this fun little project have been achieved! The family is now independent, in control of the Duchies of Carinthia, Croatia, Dalmatia and Friuli (plus Tyrol and Venice to boot), has founded a Kingdom and preserved their South Slavic culture! However, this doesn't mean I'm giving up on the Lanik family, and I do have plans to continue their story, wherever it'll take us. Perhaps an Empire or a religious revolution is something to look forward to! I had a lot of fun making it, so I'll definitely keep on doing it :D

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Lelling    217

Interim - The Rise of a Kingdom

I figured this was a good point to take a bit of a break and make some overview posts of the history so far, so here's a slightly bigger timelapse of the lands of each of the head of the Lanik dynasty leading up to the formation of the Kingdom of Illyria. It includes the year, main title, and name of the ruler, overlaid over the in-game map of Lanik lands as they are now in 1130.


I realized after finishing this that it might have been cooler to overlay this on the starting map :D I might save that for the end of the game in 1453. I also wish there were some kind of retrospective feature available in CK2 so I could turn back time on not just borders (for which I noted down each change manually), but also stuff like religion, culture, and prosperity. :D

Here are the titles held by the heads of the Lanik family, sorted chronologically:

  • County of Krain [1.1.764]
  • Barony of Görz [15.3.773 - Inherited, 14.4.914 - Granted to relative, 13.8.922 - Inherited, 26.4.927 - Granted to relative, 9.7.968 - Inherited, 3.12.980 - Granted to vassal, 6.5.1035 - Inherited, 22.9.1036 - Granted to vassal]
  • County of Kärnten [8.4.773 - Conquered]
  • County of Steiermark [12.8.787 - Conquered, 13.8.829 - Lost in Succession, 13.12.829 - Conquered, 2.1.833 - Lost in Succession, 14.8.835 - Conquered]
  • County of Innsbruck [21.1.794 - Conquered, 2.1.833 - Lost in Succession, 14.8.835 - Conquered, 7.3.1035 - Granted to relative]
  • County of Tirol [18.9.842 - Conquered, 17.1.1020 - Granted to relative]
  • Duchy of Croatia [22.12.864 - Conquered]
  • County of Vegl [22.12.864 - Conquered Vassal, 23.5.865 - Revoked]
  • County of Usora [22.12.864 - Conquered Vassal, 31.7.870 - Ceded by Liege]
  • County of Zachlumia [22.12.864 - Vassalized, - Revoked, 6.3.965 - Ceded by Liege, 28.6.991 - Conquered, 26.11.1088 - Granted to relative]
  • County of Senj [22.12.864 - Conquered]
  • County of Chur [7.3.902 - Conquered, 26.2.1000 - Granted to relative, 21.10.1041 - Revoked and granted to relative]
  • Bishopric of Chur [7.3.902 - Conquered, 26.4.927 - Granted to relative]
  • Barony of Castelnaudary [8.5.910 - Inherited, 16.11.915 - Granted to relative, 9.7.968 - Inherited, 20.4.969 - Granted to relative, 22.3.1061 - Inherited and granted to relative]
  • City of Kraljevica [22.10.919 - Built and granted to vassal]
  • Prince-Bishopric of St. Gallen [21.1.932 - Conquered, 3.12.980 - Reformed into a Grand City and granted to vassal]
  • Duchy of Tyrol [22.1.932 - Created]
  • Barony of Laibach [5.3.945 - Built, 26.4.947 - Granted to relative, 6.5.1035 - Inherited, 8.5.1035 - Granted to relative]
  • City of Treffen [20.6.950 - Built, 13.7.950 - Granted to lover]
  • County of Istria [4.3.973 - Inherited]
  • Duchy of Carinthia [2.4.973 - Created]
  • City of Lovrana [11.9.978 - Built and granted to vassal]
  • County of Aquileia [16.11.980 - Vassalized, 2.12.980 - Revoked]
  • City of Concordia [8.12.1004 - Built and granted to vassal]
  • County of Grisons [18.8.1006 - Inherited]
  • County of Venezia [14.8.1015 - Conquered, 27.1.1124 - Granted to relative]
  • Duchy of Venice [17.8.1015 - Created, 27.1.1124 - Reformed into a Merchant Republic and granted to relative]
  • City of Cilli [16.3.1024 - Built and granted to vassal]
  • County of Zadar [2.1.1030 - Conquered]
  • Barony of Nin [15.8.1031 - Built, 25.8.1031 - Granted to relative]
  • Barony of Caplijna [25.8.1031 - Built, 11.9.1031 - Granted to relative, 21.10.1041 - Revoked]
  • City of Novigrad [6.4.1034 - Built and granted to vassal]
  • Duchy of Friuli [13.2.1057 - Inherited]
  • County of Mantua [13.2.1057 - Inherited]
  • County of Verona [13.2.1057 - Inherited Vassal, 26.11.1088 - Revoked]
  • Conuty of Treviso [13.2.1057 - Inherited Vassal, 12.2.1060 - Inherited by vassal of a different liege, 9.5.1081 - Conquered]
  • Duchy of Dalmatia [9.5.1081 - Conquered]
  • County of Split [9.5.1081 - Conquered, 17.6.1081 - Granted to relative]
  • Kingdom of Illyria [10.8.1098 - Founded]

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